Ecosystem healing

Of course, there is also good news if one tries hard, that some places have been saved, and not only that, but they have made a significant contribution to the science of how to learn from their examples and what is achieved by their healing and how quickly. An example is the Palmira Atoll in the Central Pacific, which belongs to the United States.

This atoll was also heavily modified in World War II for war needs, an airport was built, bunkers, hangers were dug, reef and ground were pierced so that ships and submarines could pass. The Japanese attacked the atoll by water and by air, and even planes fell on it. Today is the best example of conservation of the environment, water and most contributes to science. The atoll was put under conservation, the state and conservation companies and UNESCO protected it. Tourism does not exist on it, rarely who with special permission can come. Only scientists and volunteers who maintain the island are there. In a short time, nature there healed itself. As soon as the rats were exterminated, everything went massively for the better. The birds returned, like many crabs, and began to breed much faster, as their rats were a dangerous threat. Not only that. The 2018 report stated that after the rat was exterminated, it was not long before the mosquito extermination! Neither rats nor mosquitoes are native to the island, they came here with the arrival of 2,400 soldiers in World War II, and have since terrorized the living world on the atoll. After the extermination of mosquitoes, which is a side effect of exterminating rats (because they mostly fed on rats and bird’s blood), birds, turtles, crabs and the rest of the world reproduce even faster. Experience with Palmyra has contributed most to science, as extinction of predators has a positive impact on mass ecosystem restoration. Of course, with as little presence as possible of people in the area. Also, reefs have been restored as much, because with the departure of human ships, pollution, rats and mosquitoes, the vast number of aquatic species as well as water quality has increased significantly. So they called that job “Paradise Renewed.”

That is why it is very important to preserve nature in such a way that the quality of the aquatic life, and therefore of the human being, can be improved very quickly, in order to reduce pollution, and to preserve the entire living world on which we depend.

It is important to note that about 4500 millimeters of rain per square meter falls on Palmyra annually, making it a region with heavy rainfall. At that point, the currents that bring southwest and northeast winds collide, creating bigger clouds and rain. Also, the Palmyra Lagoon is extremely deep for a smaller atoll, going below 30 meters deep, up to 50 meters deep, and the atoll has as many as three lagoons. With all this, lush vegetation, animals and corals make it unique of its kind.

This is why such research is of great importance for presenting and raising environmental awareness for the protection of water, oceans and islands, since without them there is no clean water. Through this kind of research, many environmental associations, scientists and organizations, via the media, try to impress people and raise awareness about environmental conservation.

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